Menu
keyboard_backspace
Consult and get Expert Advice on Criminal Laws matters from the best Criminal Lawyers in India. Let us know your requirement we will help you to find the best Lawyer suited for your matter within your budget.

Consult Top Criminal Expert Lawyer in India

Not Sure Whom to Consult ?
We will help you to find the best lawyer as per your budget !
Post Your Matter to explore various options.
Need a Lawyer for Your Case ?
Get the best Lawyer
for your Case
  • What is criminal law?
  • What is law of criminal procedure in India?
  • What are the objectives of criminal law?
  • Is there any specific jurisdiction for criminal cases in India?

What is criminal law?


Procedural laws prescribe procedure for the enforcement of rights and liabilities. Effect of substantive laws to a large extent depends on the quality of procedural laws. The governing law for Criminal Procedural Laws is the ‘Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973’.

“A procedural law is always sought in aid of justice, not in contradiction or to defeat the very object which is sought to be achieved. A procedural law is always subservient to the substantive law. Nothing can be given by a procedural law what is not sought to be given by a substantive law and nothing can be taken away by the procedural law what is given by the substantive law.” – SC in Saiyad Mohd Bakar v. Abdulhabib Hasan (1998) 4 SCC 343 at p. 349.

Some features of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:


  • This act is applicable to whole of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir
  • As per Section 6 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, Besides the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Courts constituted under any law, other than this Code, there shall be, in every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts, namely-
    • Courts of Session
    • Judicial Magistrate of the first class and, in any Metropolitan area, Metropolitan Magistrate
    • Judicial Magistrate of the second class
    • Executive Magistrates
  • Functionaries under the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 are the Police, Prosecutors, Defence Counsels, and Prison Authorities and Correctional Services Personnel
  • Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 distinguishes recognises Cognizable & Non-Cognizable Offences-
    • Cognizable offences means offences for which, a police officer may, in accordance with the first schedule or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant.
    • Non-cognizable offences means offences for which, and ‘non-cognizable case’ means a case in which, a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant.
  • As per the case of Lalita Kumari v. Govt. of UP, 2014, a police officer is bound to register an FIR relating to a cognizable offence.
  • Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 classifies all criminal cases into summons cases and warrant cases-
    • Warrants Case refers to a case relating to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for term exceeding two years
    • Summons Case refers to a case relating to an offence, and not being a warrant case
  • As per Section 304 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, there is a right to legal aid at the expense of the State.
  • The principle of Double Jeopardy is recognised in Section 300 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Request a Callback for Legal Help


In case you want us to call you back to understand your legal problem then please submit your details with a brief description of the legal issue that you have. We will call you back.

Name must be provided !

Email must be provided !

Invalid Phone Number !

Details must be provided !

Want a Quick Legal Advice From Expert Lawyer
Call us at the Toll Free number for Legal Help at an affordable price
1800-120-3313
Legal Advice Anytime Anywhere

The most trusted and relied upon partner for hiring lawyers for any kind of legal services.

Not Sure Whom to Consult ?
We will help you to find the best lawyer as per your budget !
Post Your Matter to explore various options.
Need a Lawyer for Your Case ?
Get the best Lawyer
for your Case
Client Testimonials

Top Responding Lawyers
on Criminal Laws

Kishan Dutt Kalaskar Retired Judge
Experience: 32 Year(s)
Retired Judge
Bangalore
Ambrose Leo
Experience: 8 Year(s)
Adv.Ambrose Leo Associates & Legal Consultants
Bangalore
Vedant Lakhotia
Experience: 2 Year(s)
Legal Counsel
Kolkata
Prabhakara S K Shetty
Experience: 18 Year(s)
Advocate
Bangalore
Deepak Bade
Experience: 8 Year(s)
Lawyer and legal associate
Nanded
GANESH SHARMA
Experience: 2 Year(s)
Criminal Lawyer
Faridabad
ROBERT D ROZARIO
Experience: 14 Year(s)
Advocate High Court
Kolkata
Johnson Thangiah
Experience: 17 Year(s)
Advocate / Trial Advocate
Tirunelveli
NILANJAN CHATTERJEE
Experience: 4 Year(s)
ADVOCATE
Howrah
Ashish Dongre
Experience: 11 Year(s)
Advocate
Mumbai City
Mohd Imran
Experience: 3 Year(s)
Advocate
Faridabad
Nirmal Chopra
Experience: 19 Year(s)
Dr
New Delhi
Abhimanyu Shandilya
Experience: 13 Year(s)
Advocate and Legal Counsel
Kolkata
Rajender Prasad
Experience: 4 Year(s)
Lawyer
New Delhi
Rameshwar Dadhe
Experience: 1 Year(s)
As a advocate
Aurangabad
Ved prakash Shaw
Experience: 37 Year(s)
Advocate
Khordha
Neeraj Kumar
Experience: 1 Year(s)
Advocate
Patna
Sanjay Kumar Jha
Experience: 16 Year(s)
Advocate
Patna
Manjula Shanmugasundaram
Experience: 17 Year(s)
Advocate
Chennai
Namitabh Kothari
Experience: 18 Year(s)
Advocate
Mumbai suburban
Vimlesh Mishra
Experience: 25 Year(s)
Advocate High Court
Lucknow
Ravi Bhushan Pd Sinha
Experience: 28 Year(s)
Lawyer
Patna
VIMAL KUMAR MISHRA
Experience: 14 Year(s)
Advocate
Allahabad
Rajeev RJ
Experience: 16 Year(s)
Advocate
Thiruvananthapuram
Sushama
Experience: 4 Year(s)
advocate
Nagpur