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Consult and get Expert Advice on Criminal Laws matters from the best Criminal Lawyers in India. Let us know your requirement we will help you to find the best Lawyer suited for your matter within your budget.
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Consult Top Criminal Expert Lawyer in India

sapna seth

associate
Exp
Chandigarh , Punjab

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Domestic Violence
  • Family
  • Child Custody
  • Will
Criminal Advocate from high court of Chandigarh View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 3
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Sameer Sharma

Advocate
Exp
West Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Industrial Laws
  • Family
  • Arbitration and Mediation
Total Answers Given : 2
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Arvind Tripathi

Lawyer
Exp
Allahabad , Uttar Pradesh

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Divorce
  • Domestic Violence
Mr. Arvind Tripathi, Advocate is an Advocate with 30 years of experience in Civil and Criminal matters. He specializes in Service and Bail matters. He runs a Law Firm by the name of Mimansa Law Firm which is very reputed firm in the whole of Uttar Pradesh. View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 2
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Md Danish Taslim

Advocate
Exp
Kolkata , West Bengal

Specialization

  • Civil
  • Real Estate
  • Registration
  • Divorce
  • Criminal
I am an ordinary Lawyer who has been blessed to devil under a great mentor and fortunate to work with reputed, dignified and eminent lawyers. I believe that I was born to learn and will die a student. View Full Profile
Total Answers Given : 1
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Musarrat Dhanse Husain

Advocate
Exp
New Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Documentation
  • Customs, Excise
  • Child Custody
  • Adoption
Fide Mihi is a law firm based in Delhi which holds the privilege to be among the very best law firms and having responsible and competent lawyers having with them decades of experience and expertise. Our firm deals in legal matters in District Courts, High Courts, and Supreme Court Of India. View Full Profile

RC Law Offices RC

Advocate
Exp
Hyderabad , Telangana

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Banking
  • Consumer Protection
  • Civil
  • Contracts and Agreements
RC Law Offices is a full service law firm having offices in Chennai and Hyderabad providing legal services to individuals and business enterprises. Our core area of practice is IPR, Family law, Criminal law, real estate,Corporate, Dispute Resolution and Arbitration, Real Estate, Banking & Finance. View Full Profile

Ruchir Patel

Advocate
Exp
Ahmedabad , Gujarat

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Real Estate
  • Civil
  • Consumer Protection
  • Banking
Kindly contact me for free and genuine legal advice. Doing Litigation and Non Litigation work. Practice Areas include Civil law, Criminal Law, Real Estate, Trademark, Banking, Consumer and Arbitration. Practising at the High Court of Gujarat, District Courts, Consumer Courts and other tribunals. View Full Profile

Rajendra Balkrishna Raorane

practising advocate in thane m
Exp
Thane , Maharashtra

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Civil
  • Landlord And Tenant
  • Power Of Attorney
  • RTI

Vinayak Law associates

Advocate
Exp
Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Civil
  • Divorce
  • Cheque Bounce
  • Consumer Protection
  • Criminal
We are lawyers,We deals in matters related to Divorce and Separation,civil,criminal,domestic violance etc. View Full Profile

SANJEEV TARNACH

ADVOCATE
Exp
North Delhi , Delhi

Specialization

  • Criminal
  • Divorce
  • Adoption
  • Maternity
  • Cheque Bounce
An Independent Legal Practitioner TARNACH ASSOCIATES (for any legal matter contact us) 9811261627 View Full Profile
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  • What is criminal law?
  • What is law of criminal procedure in India?
  • What are the objectives of criminal law?
  • Is there any specific jurisdiction for criminal cases in India?

What is criminal law?


Procedural laws prescribe procedure for the enforcement of rights and liabilities. Effect of substantive laws to a large extent depends on the quality of procedural laws. The governing law for Criminal Procedural Laws is the ‘Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973’.

“A procedural law is always sought in aid of justice, not in contradiction or to defeat the very object which is sought to be achieved. A procedural law is always subservient to the substantive law. Nothing can be given by a procedural law what is not sought to be given by a substantive law and nothing can be taken away by the procedural law what is given by the substantive law.” – SC in Saiyad Mohd Bakar v. Abdulhabib Hasan (1998) 4 SCC 343 at p. 349.

Some features of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973:


  • This act is applicable to whole of India except the state of Jammu & Kashmir
  • As per Section 6 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, Besides the Supreme Court, High Courts and the Courts constituted under any law, other than this Code, there shall be, in every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts, namely-
    • Courts of Session
    • Judicial Magistrate of the first class and, in any Metropolitan area, Metropolitan Magistrate
    • Judicial Magistrate of the second class
    • Executive Magistrates
  • Functionaries under the Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 are the Police, Prosecutors, Defence Counsels, and Prison Authorities and Correctional Services Personnel
  • Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 distinguishes recognises Cognizable & Non-Cognizable Offences-
    • Cognizable offences means offences for which, a police officer may, in accordance with the first schedule or under any other law for the time being in force, arrest without warrant.
    • Non-cognizable offences means offences for which, and ‘non-cognizable case’ means a case in which, a police officer has no authority to arrest without warrant.
  • As per the case of Lalita Kumari v. Govt. of UP, 2014, a police officer is bound to register an FIR relating to a cognizable offence.
  • Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 classifies all criminal cases into summons cases and warrant cases-
    • Warrants Case refers to a case relating to an offence punishable with death, imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for term exceeding two years
    • Summons Case refers to a case relating to an offence, and not being a warrant case
  • As per Section 304 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973, there is a right to legal aid at the expense of the State.
  • The principle of Double Jeopardy is recognised in Section 300 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

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