You are a girl, this is not your permanent home. You will be married off to another home which is going to be your rightful nest. This mentality often invites a plethora of doubts and queries when a girl’s entitlement to parents’ or family property is being discussed. It is a traditional thought process that whatever belongs to the parents has to be passed over to their sons, while completely ignoring daughters. However, times are changing for good. With daughters being the rightful coparceners like sons, they have equal rights like sons for what is left behind by the parents after death.
Similarly, unmarried, widowed and divorced daughters also have rights in their parents’ pension after they die a pensioner or even being an employee of the central government or otherwise. Given below are some rules surrounding family pension to unmarried daughters.
When a person starts with a government job, there are numerous perks. One of them is a family pension after their departure from the physical world.
As per authorities, the pension scheme under Rule 54 of Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972 is in the nature of social welfare scheme. The same is framed to postulate monetary relief to widowed spouses or children of the deceased employee or pensioner, as the case may be. They must be financially dependent and should not be earning more than a fixed particular amount on a monthly basis. The scheme does not require employees to contribute anything for family pension, hence, lack any control as well.
It may be noted that no other person except the ones mentioned in the rules can be eligible for family pension. As per rules, who is eligible or entitled to family pension can not be decided through succession or legal heirship certificates as well. Thus, the central government employee or pensioner can not nominate anyone in this regard.
The eligibility for family pension to unmarried daughter in family pension has been pointed below. It should be noted that the same applies to eligibility for children of employees in central civil services. In case of any confusion regarding who is not eligible for family pension, the family lawyers may be approached. If a daughter fails to comply with any one of the following, she becomes ineligible to receive the family pension.
An unmarried daughter is entitled to family pension until she gets married or starts earning for livelihood, whichever event comes first.
Family pension is payable to children in the order of birth. Hence, if the unmarried daughter is the eldest among siblings, she is entitled to receive family pension if parents are not alive. However, if the unmarried daughter is younger among siblings but the elder ones are ineligible as per the rules, in that case family pension to unmarried daughter is lawful even after the age of 25 years.
If an unmarried daughter has a twin sister or daughter, the amount is divided equally among the siblings.
If both the parents, i.e. mother and father of the surviving unmarried daughter are/ were governed under the Family Pension 1964 rules, she is entitled to two pensions under both their names.
In case the unmarried daughter is the beneficiary of an existing family pension scheme, the amount is not counted under her income for the purposes of eligibility for second family pension.
Family pension to unmarried daughter can be denied if she is the adopted child of the spouse of the pensioner. Hence, if a man dies leaving behind his widow who adopted a baby girl, such a daughter is not entitled to the family pension of the man after his widow’s death.
In case of mental or physical disability of unmarried daughter of a deceased government servant, family pension is payable till lifetime even after marriage or after attaining the age of 25 years.
If the unmarried daughter is minor as well, payment of family pension will be done through the guardian.
If the deceased parent of an unmarried daughter had filed for divorce from a spouse whose proceedings may have concluded after death, in such case she is entitled to family pension. However, it will commence from the date of divorce granted.
The family pension rules after death of pensioner need to be followed on when and how much pension is payable. The main factor governing the amount is the last drawn salary of the deceased person.
An unmarried daughter, or for that matter, anyone in the family who survives the death of a government servant will have to undergo certain formalities for grant of pension. Given below are the documents required for grant of family pension to unmarried daughter: